The daughters of men refers to all women. Whether any volcanic or plutonic violence had disturbed the scene, and raised a dense mass of gaseous damp and fuliginous matter into the airy region, is not stated. What, then, is the significance of these verses to the beliefs of the If, therefore, in the course of the work of creation, the heaven with its stars, and the earth with its vegetation and living creatures, came forth from this deep, or, to speak more correctly, if they appeared as well-ordered, and in a certain sense as finished worlds; it would be a complete misunderstanding of the account of the creation to suppose it to teach, that the water formed the elementary matter, out of which the heaven and the earth were made with all their hosts. Why a literary, theological reading of Genesis 1:6-8 is preferable, and yields deeper and more important truths. > The Genesis account of creation tells how on the second “day” Jehovah caused a division between the waters below, (the oceans and seas), and the waters above the earth. The aqueous vapor is itself, as well as the element with which it is mingled, invisible and impalpable; but when condensed by cold it becomes apparent to the eye in the form of mists and clouds, and, at a certain point of coolness, begins to deposit itself in the palpable form of dew, rain, hail, or snow. Air naturally takes the next place, as it is equally essential to the maintenance of vegetable and animal life. But a breathing space of pure pellucid air now intervenes between the upper and lower waters, enveloping the surface of the earth, and suited for the respiration of the flora and fauna of a new world. And God said, Let there be an expanse in the midst of the waters, and let it distinguish between the waters in the waters. force of the body of fire and light already produced; and the His desire to be buried in Canaan. Genesis 1:6-8 makes it clear that the firmament was given the name "heavens" by God (v. 8), which formed a separation between the "waters" beneath: those that became the realm of earthly things, i.e. The word in the Syriac language has the sense of binding In all three of these instances the “sons of God” are spirit/angelic beings, including Satan himself. These are the stories in the heavens the Scriptures And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so. Genesis 1:6, NLT: "Then God said, 'Let there be a space between the waters, to separate the waters of the heavens from the waters of the earth. Thus, on the basis of Semitic usage, the term be ne ha elohim, the ‘sons of god’ or the ‘sons of gods,’ very likely refers to dynastic rulers in Genesis 6.” “An Exegetical Study of Genesis 6:1-4,” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society, XIII, winter 1970, pp. Bible Language English. Genesis 15:1-6 EXEGESIS: GENESIS 13-15. other part left on the earth, not yet gathered into one place, as Understand the meaning of Genesis 1:6 using all available Bible versions and commentary. The earth, which appeared as dry land after the accumulation of the waters in the sea, was created in the beginning along with the heavens; but until the separation of land and water on the third day, it was so completely enveloped in water, that nothing could be seen but "the deep," or "the waters" (Genesis 1:2). Genesis 13:4 "Unto the place of the altar, which he had made there at the first: and there Abram called on the name of the LORD." This verse is part of the creation story.. To get what Genesis 1:6 means in detail, scroll down or follow these links for the original scriptural meaning , biblical context and relative popularity. of Read the Scripture: Genesis 15:1-6 The opening paragraph of Genesis 15 strikingly illustrates for us what is commonly called in Bible study, the law of first occurrence. All of creation (including but not limited to humanity) is declared good in … Continue reading "Commentary on Genesis 15:1-6" The object of the expanse is to divide the waters which are under it from those which are above it. Much discussion has centered on the meaning of the term “firmament” (Hebrew raqia; “expanse”—ESV, NIV, NASB) in Genesis 1:6,7,8,14,15,17,20.The word “firmament” leaves the impression that Moses was saying a solid dome surrounds the Earth, which Bible skeptics have used to argue that the Bible teaches erroneous beliefs from antiquity. 4 And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness. 8 And God called the firmament Heaven. WORDS OF GOD IN RED. Let it be noted that the word "be" is here again employed to denote the commencement of a new adjustment of the atmosphere. Genesis 1:5 Genesis 1:8 Genesis 1:13 Genesis 1:19 Genesis 1:23 Genesis 1:31: And there was evening and there was morning, one day. It is the prison in which the fallen angels of Genesis 6 are kept in chains of darkness, while Paradise, which is sometimes called "Abraham's Bosom", is where believers were kept until Christ "took the spirits and souls of the righteous" into heaven, following His glorious resurrection from the dead. A diagram representing the Semitic conception of the Universe, And let it divide the waters from the waters, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. The air was thus "in the midst of the waters," that is, separated them; and this being the apparent use of it, is the only one mentioned, although the atmosphere serves other uses, as a medium of life and light. It is translated “firmament” in the King James Version and “expanse” in most Hebrew dictionaries and modern translations. Genesis 1:6-8. Dickinson. Young's Literal Translation of the Bible renders Genesis 1:6 as, "And God saith, 'Let an expanse be in the midst of the waters, and let it be separating between waters and waters.'" Genesis 1:6-13 King James Version (KJV). Genesis 16:1 "Now Sarai Abram's wife bare him no children: and she had a handmaid, an Egyptian, whose name [was] Hagar." The basic meaning of the biblical term repent is to change direction. Sacr. In chapter 13, Abram and Lot separated because “The land was not able to bear them, that they might live together: for their substance was great, so that they could not live together. “Called on the name of the Lord”: (12:8). This mass of turbid and noisy water must be reduced to order, and confined within certain limits, before the land can be reached. God saw all … THE MEANING OF “SONS OF GOD” IN GENESIS 6:1-4 by Trevor J. Lex. Genesis 1:6 KJV. 47-48, as quoted by Kober, p. 19. interpreter uses, because it is firm, lasting, and durable: and Whether any other gases, noxious or innocuous, entered into the constitution of the previous atmosphere, or whether any other ingredients were once held in solution by the watery deep, we are not informed. Version. This verse is part of the creation story. However, the more logical pericope is 4:1-16. of Scripture refer, which speak of the stretching out of the The meaning is that God created everything good — the world and mankind (Genesis 1:4, 10, 12, 18, 21, 25, 31), but mankind sinned and destroyed paradise. Each promise is followed by a question that Abram raises about the promise (15:2-3; 15:8; see also his questions to God in 18:23-33). Genesis 1:6-7 … let there be a division between the waters and the waters.”. Genesis 1 contains many challenging ideas but verses 6-8 pose a special challenge. California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. All rights reserved. 1:20 ) . And God said, let there be a firmament in the midst of. The state of things before this creative movement may be called one of disturbance and disorder, in comparison with the present condition of the atmosphere. We are merely certain that it reached over all the land known to man during the interval between this creation and the deluge. Psalms 19:1 ) Genesis 8:2), it is evident that it must be regarded as above the vault which spans the earth, or, according to the words of Psalm 148:4, "above the heavens. The Ishmaelites who bought him from his brothers, turn around and sell him to an Egyptian named Potiphar who’s the captain of the guard for Pharoah, the king of Egypt. And it … God called the expanse "sky." we call it the "firmament" from the F23 word which the Greek What does Genesis 15:6 mean? Genesis 1:6. And the evening and the morning were the second day. In this discussion of Genesis 1:6-8 we look at: How a literal, scientific reading of Genesis 1:6-8 completely contradicts reality. Then God said, “Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters. col. 3647. ocean. And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters. - For this purpose God now calls into existence the expanse. c 4 God saw that the light was good. Vid., Genesis 9:12., where it is said that when God brings a cloud over the earth, He will set the rainbow in the cloud, as a sign that the water (of the clouds collected above the earth) shall not become a flood to destroy the earth again. And there was evening, and there was morning - the second day. The key Hebrew word in Genesis 1: 6–8a is raqia ((ayqirf). 7 And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so. According to the laws of material nature, light or heat must be an essential factor in all physical changes, especially in the production of gases and vapors. (v) "expansio", Montanus. Genesis 1:6. 6. Genesis 3:1-6 God's Test and the Serpent's Temptation – The Bible Teaching Commentary explains how sin came into the world through the serpent's (satan, devil) temptation and how Eve and Adam fell into disobedience and sin through that temptation. In reading Genesis 1:6-8, my understanding from Genesis 1:6 was that the contextual meaning of "the expanse" was a land that separates waters from waters. רקיע rāqı̂ya‛, "expanse;" στερέωμα stereōma, רקע rāqa‛, "spread out by beating, as leaf gold." 6. firmament—an expanse—a beating out as a plate of metal: a name given to the atmosphere from its appearing to an observer to be the vault of heaven, supporting the weight of the watery clouds. Major, M.Sc., M.A. and compressing F24; and so it is used in the Syriac land and seas and living things (vv. Genesis 1:6 Let there be an expanse in the midst of the water. 3 And God said, Let there be light: and there was light. (13-26) Jacob's age. Any or all of these alterations will satisfy the form of expression here adopted. Abram responded to God's latest promises with doubts, asking how God's promises could be true if he still did not have a son. Genesis 1:6. The earth, at his command, brings forth grass, herbs, and fruits. (Note: There is no proof of the existence of such "ethereal waters" to be found in such passages as Revelation 4:6; Revelation 15:2; Revelation 22:1; for what the holy seer there beholds before the throne as "a sea of glass like unto crystal mingled with fire," and "a river of living water, clear as crystal," flowing from the throne of God into the streets of the heavenly Jerusalem, are wide as the poles from any fluid or material substance from which the stars were made upon the fourth day. and dividing and separating the parts of it; and which it now has - It appears that the water in a liquid state was in contact with another mass of water, in the shape of dense fogs and vapors; not merely overhanging, but actually resting on the waters beneath. Whether this disorder was temporary or of long standing, and whether the change was effected by altering the axis of the earth's rotation, and thereby the climate of the land of primeval man, or by a less extensive movement confined to the region under consideration, are questions on which we receive no instruction, because the solution does not concern our well-being. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. The heavy mass of murky damp and aqueous steam commingling with the abyss of waters beneath is cleared away. from the earth to the third heaven; the lower and thicker parts ESV - 6 And God said, "Let there be an expanse in the midst of the waters, and let it separate the waters from the waters. denote the power of the air when formed in compressing the chaos, A leaden mass of clouds still overshadows the heavens. Psalms Genesis 1:6 Context. Had this been the meaning of the writer, he would have mentioned water as the first creation, and not the heaven and the earth. [⇑ See verse text ⇑] For Christians, this is one of the key verses in all the Old Testament. ), beyond the limits of the terrestrial atmosphere, but the waters which float in the atmosphere, and are separated by it from those upon the earth, the waters which accumulate in clouds, and then bursting these their bottles, pour down as rain upon the earth. That it was good — The word טוב tob, signifies not only what is goodly and pleasant in itself, but what is useful and fit for the end to which it is designed. And God said, “Let there be a vault between the … And there was evening and there was morning, a second day. Genesis 3:1-6, 13-15 Man's Sin, God's Promise; Genesis 4 Cain and Abel; Genesis 4 Cain Marked after Kiling Abel; Genesis 26:12-25 Isaac A Lover of Peace; Genesis 27:15-23, 41-45 Jacob and Esau; Genesis 28:1-5, 10-22 Jacob's Vision and God's Promise; Genesis 37:5-38 Joseph Sold By His Brothers; Genesis 37:31-33 Jacob Deceived by Sons ESV - 6 And God said, "Let there be an expanse in the midst of the waters, and let it separate the waters from the waters. GENESIS 1:6. 2 Kings 7:2, 2 Kings 7:19; Isaiah 24:18). Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. in compressing the earth, and the several parts that are in it, (Genesis 1:6-8) Is this speaking of the gas element? The space it occupies is merely denominated the expanse; that is, the interval between us and the various bodies that float above and hang upon nothing, or nothing perceptible to the eye. Fuller. Miscell. First, the break in the Hebrew text is aft Verse 6. 8 And God called the firmament Heaven. Every verse begins with the same popular Hebrew conjunction (waw- see right). The introduction of the expanse produced a vast change for the better on the surface of the earth. Commentary on Genesis 12:1-3 (Read Genesis 12:1-3 ) God made choice of Abram, and singled him out from among his fellow-idolaters, that he might reserve a people for himself, among whom his true worship might be maintained till the coming of Christ. At 2 Peter 3:5-6 describes the waters held high in the atmosphere; and explains that those waters were what flooded the earth. Genesis 1:6 Context. like a curtain, tent, or canopy: and to this all those passages In chapter 13, Abram and Lot separated because “The land was not able to bear them, that they might live together: for their substance was great, so that they could not live together. And it was so. and so the Targum of Jonathan places this firmament or expanse Answer: The “firmament” (from the Latin firmamentum, meaning “sky” or “expanse”) is mentioned 17 times in the King James Version of the Bible and refers to the expanse of the heavens above the earth. And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters. And there was evening and there was morning, a … (Ver 1.4) In reading and studying the Book of Genesis I have found that it is essential to look at the first 3 chapters of this book using symbolic spiritual eyeglasses which allow us to see the concealed spiritual meanings that were hidden from the surface only … Genesis 1:6. Change Language {{#items}} {{local_title}} (Genesis 1:22) The word nephesh is used of both animals and human beings, and primarily has the meaning "soul." Nine of the occurrences of firmament are in the first chapter of the Bible as part of the creation account. 1 Genesis 2:4 starts a new section; it does not start with this conjunction (can mean 'and,' 'but,' then,' 'so,' etc. (1-6) Jacob blesses Pharaoh. How irreconcilable the idea of the waters above the firmament being ethereal waters is with the biblical representation of the opening of the windows of heaven when it rains, is evident from the way in which Keerl, the latest supporter of this theory, sets aside this difficulty, viz., by the bold assertion, that the mass of water which came through the windows of heaven at the flood was different from the rain which falls from the clouds; in direct opposition to the text of the Scriptures, which speaks of it not merely as rain (Genesis 7:12), but as the water of the clouds. - For this purpose God now calls into existence the expanse. While its original meaning is uncertain, its root, raqa ((qarf), means to spread out, beat out, or hammer as one would a malleable metal. And the evening and the morning were the first day. Major, M.Sc., M.A. However, in 1:8 I was confused because the expanse … This, accordingly, does not imply the absolute creation on the second day of our present atmosphere: it merely indicates the constitution of it out of the materials already at hand, - the selecting and due apportionment of the proper elements; the relegation of all now foreign elements to their own places; the dissipation of the lazy, deadening damps, and the establishment of a clear and pure air fit for the use of the future man. What Does Jude 1:6 Mean? This will appear more clearly from a comparison of other passages in this chapter (Genesis 1:14, Genesis 1:20). And the evening and the morning were the first day. ", (Note: In Genesis 1:8 the lxx interpolates καὶ εἶδεν ὁ Θεὸς ὅτι καλόν (and God saw that it was good), and transfers the words "and it was so" from the end of Genesis 1:7 to the close of Genesis 1:6 : two apparent improvements, but in reality two arbitrary changes. What is the meaning of Genesis 1:1? By the creation of an atmosphere, the lighter parts of the waters which overspread the earth's surface were drawn up and suspended in the visible heavens, while the larger and heavier mass remained below. It is in (or with) the upper waters that God layeth the beams of His chambers, from which He watereth the hills (Psalm 104:13), and the clouds are His tabernacle (Job 36:29). As soon as human welfare comes to be in any way connected with such knowledge, it will by some means be made attainable. Genesis 1:6, NASB: "Then God said, 'Let there be an expanse in the midst of the waters, and let it separate the waters from the waters.'". of it form the atmosphere in which we breathe; the higher and How ancient people viewed the order of the cosmos. But the earth was not formed from the waters beneath; on the contrary, these waters were merely spread upon the earth and then gathered together into one place, and this place is called Sea. "Now Sarai, Abram's wife, bare him no children": She is before said to be barren, and he to be childless (Genesis 11:30); God had promised him a seed, but as yet he had none, which was a … Genesis 15:1-6 EXEGESIS: GENESIS 13-15. And God said, let there be a firmament in the midst Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. And God called the firmament Heaven. Genesis 1:6-8 (KJV) And God said, Let there be a firmament (raqia) in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters. And God said, “Let there be a vault between the waters to separate water from water.”. “And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.” THE MEANING OF “SONS OF GOD” IN GENESIS 6:1-4 by Trevor J. Hence, its presence and activity are the first thing required in instituting a new process of nature. As it is, since fighting against the clear meaning of Genesis 1:1-2 (and 1:6-8 and 2:4 et al.) Let there be an expanse in the midst of the water. On which the Spirit of God was sitting and moving, ( Genesis 1:2 ) part of For, according to the Old Testament representation, whenever it rains heavily, the doors or windows of heaven are opened (Genesis 7:11-12; Psalm 78:23, cf. Genesis 3:1-6 God's Test and the Serpent's Temptation – The Bible Teaching Commentary explains how sin came into the world through the serpent's (satan, devil) temptation and how Eve and Adam fell into disobedience and sin through that temptation. The Story of Creation. Genesis 6:1-4 speaks of the universal degeneration of man into ungodliness prior to the equally uni-versal, worldwide Flood of Genesis 6-9. 5 And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. Genesis 4:1-16 Locate the passage This passage records the first events after mankind was expelled from the garden. Genesis 1:6 Then God said, “Let there be an expanse in the midst of the waters, and let it separate the waters from the waters.” 9-13); from the "waters" above: those that became the realm of celestial things, i.e. God then separated the light from the darkness. And God said, "Let there be an expanse between the waters to separate water from water." “In the beginning” (v. 1). Genesis 1:6. Thus God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament, and it was so. Clarify • Share • Report • Asked September 30 2013 • Rita Gerard To get what Genesis 1:6 means in detail, scroll down or follow these links for the original scriptural meaning , biblical context  and relative popularity. עשׂה ‛āśâh "work on," "make out of already existing materials.". The second act of creative power bears upon the deep of waters, over which the darkness had prevailed, and by which the solid crust was still overlaid. Genesis 1:6-8 KJV. Genesis 6:1-4 speaks of the universal degeneration of man into ungodliness prior to the equally uni-versal, worldwide Flood of Genesis 6-9. This disturbance in the relations of air and water was so great that it could not be reduced to the present order without a supernatural cause. 104:2 ) ( Isaiah 40:22 Hence, its adjustment is the second step in this latest effort of creation. In Genesis 1-11 the “set” for God’s action is the whole world. (7-12) Joseph's dealings with the Egyptians during the famine. Then God went on to make the expanse and divided the waters beneath the expanse from the waters above the expanse. divided by philosophers into higher, middle, and lower regions: THE CONTEXT. Tigurine version; "extensio", Munster, Fagius, Vatablus, Aben Ezra; "expansum", Junius, Tremellius, Piscator, Drusius, Schmidt, Sept. "firmamentum", V. L. (w) Id. And God called the firmament Heaven. Now men and women live in a world filled with hate, evil and disease. and by it is meant the air, as it is rendered by the Targum on ( The “sons of God” (Genesis 6:2, 4) is a phrase used three other times in the Bible outside of Genesis 6—Job 1:6; 2:1; 38:7. Remember, clouds completely enshrouded the planet, and water inundated the whole earth . KJV: King James Version . In all three of these instances the “sons of God” are spirit/angelic beings, including Satan himself. sky in which the sun, moon, and stars are placed; for all these Joseph presents his brethren to Pharaoh. thinner parts of it, the air in which fowls fly, and the ether or Genesis 1:4. Some English translation complete this section in 4:15. This is that interval of space between the earth on the one side and the birds on the wing, the clouds and the heavenly bodies on the other, the lower part of which we know to be occupied by the air. ). "expanse" F22; something stretched out and spread CHAPTER 1. and let it divide the waters from the waters; the waters under it from those above it, as it is explained in the next verse; of which more there. 1:6-13 The earth was emptiness, but by a word spoken, it became full of God's riches, and his they are still. Verse 6. Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters — After having given an account of the generation of light, the sacred writer goes on to inform us of the generation of the air, or of that expansive element which fills the space between the earth and the highest regions, and which goes under the general name of the heavens. 4 And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness. In some Ancient Near Eastern cultures, kings were called the sons of one of the gods, and even in the Bible, the Hebrew word “Elohim” is used for men in positions of authority (Exod. Salem Media Group. The fogs are lifted up to the higher regions of the sky, or attenuated into an invisible vapor. The use of the phrase in Job suggests that Genesis 6 … 6 1 When human beings began to increase in number on the earth and daughters were born to them, 2 the sons of God saw that the daughters of humans were … If, therefore, according to this conception, looking from an earthly point of view, the mass of water which flows upon the earth in showers of rain is shut up in heaven (cf. The process of contrition in a new heart has come to its right issue in confession and supplication. ) ( 42:5 ) Genesis 1:6-8 6 Then God said, “Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.” 7 Thus God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament; and it was so. With a little bit of investigation we discover that Genesis 1:1 starts a whole section up to 2:3. Clarify • Share • Report • Asked September 30 2013 • Rita Gerard l. 1. c. 6. It is also described as luminous Daniel 12:3, and as a monument of divine power Psalm 150:1. 7. What, then, is the significance of these verses to the beliefs of the Both sections (15:1-6; 15:7-21) begin with a divine promise (15:1; 15:7). " (Genesis 1:6) Critics claim that "firmament", which suggests a firm structure, is an erroneous translation of the empty and open atmosphere. Genesis 39:1-6 Here in Genesis 39 we pick up our story with Joseph, just sold into slavery. Cancel. As soon as it becomes obvious to the sense it receives distinguishing names, according to its varying forms. and by its compression preserves them and retains them in their speak of, ( Amos 9:6 ) and the air is In Genesis 1:6 what does "expanse" mean? If the waters above the firmament were the elementary matter of which the stars were made, the waters beneath must be the elementary matter of which the earth was formed; for the waters were one and the same before the creation of the firmament.) creates a whole host of difficulties, only some of which have been covered in our correspondence so far, it certainly does beg the question of why we should feel compelled to do so. And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so. Though the use of them is allowed to man, they are from God, and to his service and honour they must be used. The “sons of God” (Genesis 6:2, 4) is a phrase used three other times in the Bible outside of Genesis 6—Job 1:6; 2:1; 38:7. How far the disorder extended we cannot tell. the next verse; of which more there. Genesis 1:6 NIV - And God said, “Let there be a vault - Bible Gateway. KING JAMES VERSION (KJV) TRANSLATION, MEANING, CONTEXT. The phrase, “In the beginning,” “anticipates the ‘end’ of the universe and … And God said, Let there be an expanse in the midst of the waters, and let it distinguish between the waters in the waters. are said to be in the firmament or expanse, ( Genesis 1:17 between the extremities of the heaven, and the waters of the But the air being invisible, is unnoticed by the primitive observer until it is put in motion, when it receives the name of wind. the waters under it from those above it, as it is explained in it has the name of an expanse from its wide extent, it reaching 6 And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters. Derek Kidner, Genesis, An Introduction and Commentary (Chicago: Inter-Varsity Press, 1967), p. 109. And there was evening and there was morning, a third day.